A group of United Nations and African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights Commission experts have urged the President of Sierra Leone, Ernest Bai Koroma, to sign the 2015 Safe Abortion Bill for it to enter into force without further delay.
The human rights experts warned that reluctance towards the decriminalisation of abortion by some parties, including religious organizations, has resulted in delays in signing the Bill, as the President sent it back to Parliament for reconsideration.
The 2015 Safe Abortion Bill, passed by Parliament last December, is aimed at ensuring women’s and adolescents’ access to safe services regarding abortion and authorises the termination of a pregnancy under any circumstances up to 12 weeks and in cases of incest, rape, fetal impairment as well as when the woman’s health is at risk, up to 24 weeks.
“Sierra Leone has a great opportunity to save hundreds of women’s and adolescents’ lives by adopting the bill,” they said. “This bill is a cornerstone legislation to advance women’s and adolescents’ right to health, including sexual and reproductive rights in a country where maternal mortality rates are one of the highest in the world.”
According to the World Health Organization, Sierra Leone still had a maternal mortality rate of 1100 deaths for 100 000 live births in 2013, despite a reduction of 54% of maternal-related deaths since 1993. These deaths are mainly due to unsafe abortions and the lack to access lifesaving treatments. Denial of reproductive health services can also cause tremendous and lasting physical and emotional suffering, inflicted on the basis of gender.
“By adopting the bill, Sierra Leone would become one of the leading African nations to take effective measures to reduce maternal mortality and reaffirm women’s human rights,” the experts said noting that the ACHPR has just launched, on 18 January 2016, a global campaign for the decriminalisation of abortion in Africa.
The UN and ACHPR experts also called on Sierra Leone “to respect its obligations under international and regional human rights law by ensuring access to sexual and reproductive health and rights for women, including maternal health care and access to all methods of contraception.”